PROGRAM NAME

GRADE 11

ELIGIBILITY

AFTER RELEVANT GRADE 10

DURATION

1 YEAR

Chemistry (CH 1106) - Grade 11

Unit Area Covered Marks
Unit 1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 10 Read more
Unit 2 Structure of Atom 05 Read more
Unit 3 Classification of Elements And Periodicity in Properties 10 Read more
Unit 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 05 Read more
Unit 5 States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 05 Read more
Unit 6 Thermodynamics 05 Read more
Unit 7 Equilibrium 05 Read more
Unit 8 Redox Reactions 05 Read more
Unit 9 Hydrogen 05 Read more
Unit 10 S-Block Elements 05 Read more
Unit 11 Some P-Block Elements 05 Read more
Unit 12 Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles 10 Read more
Unit 13 Aliphatic Hydrocarbons 20 Read more
Unit 14 Environmental Chemistry 05 Read more
Total Marks 100

Unit 1


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • General Introduction
  • Measurement of Properties of Matter The International System of units Uncertainty in measurement
  • Laws of Chemical Combination
    • Statement of laws of chemical combination
    • Importance of laws of chemical combination
    • Dalton's Atomic Theory
  • Empirical Formula and Molecular Formula
    • Atomic mass
    • Molar mass
    • Empirical formula
    • Molecular formula
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
    • Mole concept
    • Stoichiometric calculations

Unit 2


Structure of Atom

  • Introduction to Structure of Atom
  • Atomic models
    • Thomson model
    • Rutherford model
    • Bohr model
    • Dual behaviour
  • Quantum Mechanical Model
    • Concept of orbitals
    • Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
    • Quantum numbers
  • Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
    • Shape of s, p and d orbitals
    • Node and nodal surface
    • Shielding effect
  • Rules for Filling Electrons in Orbitals
    • Aufbau principle
    • Pauli's exclusion principle
    • Hund's rule
    • Electronic configuration of atoms
  • Stability of Completely Filled and half-filled Orbitals

Unit 3


Classification of Elements And Periodicity in Properties

  • General Introduction
  • Historical Attempts towards Classification
    • Mendeleev Periodic table
  • Modern Periodic Table
    • Periodicity of properties
    • Groups and periods
    • Nomenclature of elements with atomic numbers greater than 100
  • Periodic Trends in Physical Properties
    • Atomic radii
    • Ionic radii
    • Lanthanide Contraction
    • Ionization enthalpy
    • Electron gain enthalpy
    • Electronegativity
  • Periodic Trends in Physical Properties
    • Valency and oxidation state
    • Anomalous properties of second period elements
    • Periodic trends and chemical reactivity

Unit 4


Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • General Introduction
  • Types of Chemical Bonds
    • Ionic bond
    • Covalent bond
    • Polar covalent bond
  • Valence Bond Theory
    • Hybridization
    • VSEPR theory
    • Resonance
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
    • Magnetic characteristics
    • Bond order
  • Hydrogen Bond
    • Intermolecular hydrogen bonding
    • Intramolecular hydrogen bonding

Unit 5


States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • General Introduction to three States of Matter
  • Intermolecular Forces
    • Types of intermolecular forces
    • Nature of intermolecular forces
  • Laws Governing Gaseous State
    • Boyle's law
    • Charles law
    • Gay-Lussac's law
    • Avogadro law
  • Ideal Behaviour
    • Ideal gas equation
    • Dalton's law of partial pressure
    • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Deviation from Ideal Behaviour
    • Compressibility factor
    • Boyle's temperature
  • Liquefaction of Gases
    • Critical temperature, critical pressure and critical volume
  • Liquid State
    • Vapour pressure
    • Viscosity
    • Surface tension

Unit 6


Thermodynamics

  • Introduction to Thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic Terms Concepts of :
    • system, surrounding
    • types of system
    • state of a system
    • state function and path function
    • extensive and intensive properties
    • reversible and irreversible process
  • Thermodynamic Quantities
    • Work
    • Heat
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
    • Internal Energy
    • Enthalpy
    • Heat capacity
    • Measurement of ΔU and ΔH
  • Thermochemistry
    • Enthalpy change in a chemical reaction
    • Endothermic and Exothermic reactions
    • Standard enthalpy of reactions
    • Enthalpy changes during phase transformations
    • Standard enthalpy of formation
    • Thermochemical equations
    • Hess's Law of Constant Heat Summation
    • Enthalpies for different types of reactions
  • Spontaneity
    • Entropy
    • Second law of Thermodynamics
    • Gibb's energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes
    • Criteria for equilibrium
    • Third Law of Thermodynamics

Unit 7


Equilibrium

  • Introduction to The students will be able to:
    • Dynamic nature of dynamic nature.
  • Equilibrium in Physical Processes
    • Solid - liquid equilibrium
    • Liquid - vapour equilibrium
    • Solid – vapour equilibrium
    • Equilibrium involving dissolution of solid and gases in liquids
  • Equilibrium in Chemical Processes
    • Dynamic nature of chemical equilibrium
    • Law of Chemical Equilibrium
    • Equilibrium constant
  • Types of Chemical Equilibria
    • Homogenous Equilibria
    • Heterogeneous Equilibria
  • Applications of Equilibrium Constant
    • Predicting the extent of a reaction
    • Predicting the direction of the reaction
    • Calculating Equilibrium Concentrations
  • Factors Affecting Equilibria
    • Chatelier's principle
  • Ionic Equilibrium in Solution
    • Strong and weak electrolytes
    • Acids, bases and salts
  • Ionization of Acids and Bases
    • Ionic product of Water
    • pH scale
    • Ionization constant of weak acids and bases
    • Factors affecting acid strength
    • Common ion effect
  • Buffer Solutions
  • Solubility Equilibria of Sparingly Soluble Salts
    • Solubility product
    • Common ion effect of solubility of ionic salts

Unit 8


Redox Reactions

  • Introduction to Redox Reactions
  • Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
  • Redox Reactions in Terms of Electron Transfer Reactions
    • Competitive electron transfer reactions
  • Oxidation Number
    • Calculation of oxidation number
  • Types of Redox Reactions
  • Balancing of Redox Reactions
    • Oxidation number method
    • Half reaction method
  • Redox Titrations

Unit 9


Hydrogen

  • General Introduction
    • Position of hydrogen in the periodic table
  • Dihydrogen
    • Occurrence of dihydrogen
    • Isotopes of hydrogen
    • Methods of preparation of hydrogen
    • Properties of hydrogen
    • Uses of hydrogen
  • Hydrides
    • Classification
    • General methods of preparation
    • General properties
  • Water
    • General characteristics
    • Hard and soft water
    • Heavy water
  • Hydrogen peroxide
    • Preparation
    • Properties
    • Uses

Unit 10


S-Block Elements

  • General Introduction
  • Group 1 Elements
    • Electronic configuration
    • Physical Properties
    • Chemical properties
    • Diagonal relationship
    • Biological importance
    • Some Alkali metal compounds
  • Group 2 Elements
    • Electronic configuration
    • Physical Properties
    • Chemical properties
    • Diagonal relationship
    • Biological importance
    • Some Alkaline earth metal compounds

Unit 11


Some P-Block Elements

  • General Introduction
  • Group 13 Elements
    • Electronic configuration
    • Occurrence
    • Inert pair effect
    • Reactivity
    • Some compounds of Group 13 elements
  • Group 14 Elements
    • Electronic configuration
    • General properties
    • Catenation
    • Allotropic forms of carbon
    • Carbides
    • Some compounds of Group 14 elements

Unit 12


Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles

  • General Introduction
    • Origin of organic chemistry
    • Organic chemistry as a separate discipline
  • Types of Hybridization of Carbon
    • Types of hybridization in carbon compounds
    • Shapes of organic molecules
    • 2D and 3D structural representations of organic compounds
  • Classification of Organic Compounds
    • based on functional groups
    • based on structure
  • IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
    • Priority order of functional groups
    • Prefixes and suffixes for functional groups
    • Derivation of structural formula from a given IUPAC name and vice-versa
  • Stereochemistry and Isomerism
    • Structural isomerism
    • Stereochemistry and stereoisomerism
    • Projection formulae
    • Interconversion of projection formulas
    • Conformations and their relative stabilities (ethane and butane)
    • Geometrical isomerism (cis and trans)
    • Optical isomerism
    • Absolute and relative nomenclature of optical isomers
  • Homolytic and Heterolytic Fission of a Covalent Bond
    • carbocation
    • carbanion
    • free radical
  • Basics of Organic Reaction
    • Electrophilic and nucleophilic
    • reagents Types of organic reactions
  • Electronic Displacements in a Covalent Bond
    • inductive effect
    • electromeric effect
    • resonance
    • hyperconjugation
  • Aromaticity
    • Huckel's rule
    • Stability of aromatic compounds
  • Acidity and Basicity (Bronsted and Lowry's Concept)
    • Relative acidity of carboxylic acids, phenols and alcohols
    • Relative basicity of amines

Unit 13


Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

  • General Introduction
    • Classification of hydrocarbons
  • Alkanes (Upto 5 Carbon Atoms)
    • Methods of preparation (Reduction, Wurtz reaction, Kolbe's electrolysis)
    • Physical properties Chemical reactions (Halogenation, Isomerisation, Oxidation, Aromatization, Combustion, Pyrolysis)
  • Alkenes (Upto 5 Carbon Atoms)
    • Methods of preparation (Partial reduction, dehydrohalogenati on, dehydration, dehalogenation)
    • Physical properties Chemical reactions (Addition of H2, X2, Markovnikov's and anti-Markovnikov's addition of HX, and H2O, ozonolysis, xidation and polymerisation)
  • Alkynes (Upto 5 Carbon Atoms)
    • Methods of preparation (Hydrolysis of calcium carbide, dehydrohalogenation)
    • Physical properties Chemical reactions (Addition of H2, X2, HX, and H2O and polymerisation)

Unit 14


Environmental Chemistry

  • General Introduction
  • Environmental Pollution
    • Environmental pollution
    • Conservation of natural resources
  • Air Pollution
    • Greenhouse effect
    • Depletion of stratospheric ozone
    • Sulphur oxides
    • Nitrogen oxides
  • Water Pollution
    • Types of water pollutants
    • Treatment of water pollution
    • BOD
  • Industrial Pollution
    • Industrial and agricultural chemicals that cause environmental
    • degradation Industrial waste management
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