Geography (GE 1210) - Grade 12
|Unit 1||Human Geography: Nature and Scop||10||Read more|
|Unit 2||Population||05||Read more|
|Unit 3||Human Activities||05||Read more|
|Unit 4||Transport Communication and Trade||20||Read more|
|Unit 5||Human Settlement||10||Read more|
|Unit 6||Monsoon Asia : People||10||Read more|
|Unit 7||Human Settlements||10||Read more|
|Unit 8||Resources and Development||10||Read more|
|Unit 9||Transport Communication and International Trade||10||Read more|
|Unit 10||Geographical Perspective on Selected issues And Problems||10||Read more|
Human Geography: Nature and Scope
- Nature and Scope
- comprehend the nature and scope of human Geography.
- understand different concepts and differentiate between them.
- Population — distribution, density and growth
- Determinants of population change: birth rate, death rate and migration, demographic transition theory.
- Patterns, causes and consequences of population change.
- Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition
- Human development selected indicators, international comparisons.
- Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, fishing, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – with examples.
- Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro based and mineral based industries; people engaged in secondary activities- with examples
- Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary activities- with examples
- Quaternary and quinary activities-concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary and quinary activities- with examples
- comprehend the concepts of quarternary andquinary activities. Understand knowledge based industries. Familiarise with people in these activities.
Transport Communication and Trade
- Land transport - roads, railways, including trans-continental railways
- Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes.
- Air transport- domestic and international
- Oil and gas pipelines.
- Satellite communication and cyber space.
- International trade: ports as gateways, changing patterns, role of WTO
- Types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems.
- comprehend the concepts of settlements
- distinguish between rural and urban, settlements
- understand the morphology of a city through case study.
- analyse the causes of problems of cities.
- familiarise with distribution of Mega cities
Monsoon Asia : People
- Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population – literacy, linguistic, sex, rural-urban and occupational– regional variations of population change.
- Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.
- Human Development: selected indicators and regional patterns.
- analyse the factors affecting population distribution and growth.
- understand the phenomenon and its types.
- analyse the causes and consequences of migration. Analyse the regional patterns and indicators.
- Rural settlements - types and distribution.
- Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification.
- recognise rural settlements.
- distinguish between types of rural settlements. Learn about their distribution.
- know about urban settlements. Distinguish between types of rural settlements. Learn about their distribution.
Resources and Development
- Land resources- Land Use, pattern of agricultural land distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber), pattern of agricultural development.
- analyse the pattern of agricultural land use and know about the distribution of major crops. Comprehend the reason behind the distribution. Analyse the pattern of agricultural development and associated problems
- Water resources-availability and utilisation-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation of water - Rain water harvesting and watershed management (one case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced). Conflicts related to river water utilisation (national and international).
- Mineral and energy resources-distribution of metallic (Iron-ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese) ; non- metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydro electricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation
- Industries - types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, petrochemicals, impact of globalisation on industrial location.
Transport Communication and International Trade
- Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gaspipelines; communication networkings - radio, television, satellite and internet.
- International trade-changing pattern of international trade within the monsoon Asian region and rest of the world.
- explain about different modes of transport, their distribution and role in the economy. understand about communications.
- explain the different modes of communication and the role in the life of people and economy
- explain the concept of international trade
- analyse the changing pattern of trade both with the region and international level.
Geographical Perspective on Selected issues And Problems
- Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal.
- Urbanisation, rural-urban migration (problems of slums)
- identify the causes of area specific environmental pollution and urban waste disposal and appreciate the need to overcome the problem.
- Land Degradation
- explain the process of urbanisation. Appreciate the problems related with rural urban migration.
- understand the concept of land degradation
- analyse the reasons and appreciate the need for different types of conservation.